[from old catalog] Publication date 1864 Topics Louisiana Publisher New Orleans, W. R. Fish, printer to the Convention Collection americana Digitizing sponsor Google Book from the collections of University of Michigan Language English. SECESSION ELECTION IN LOUISIANA 21 was composed of "those who, despairing of obtaining in the Union a formal and satisfactory recognition of Southern rights, are, there- fore, inclined in favor of secession, but by united Southern ac- The next day the General Assembly called for a convention with delegates elected on December 6th, 11 days later the convention met in Columbia and voted unanimously for secession. Interestingly, any document issued by the convention justifying their decision has not been saved. Access supplemental materials and multimedia. The Civil War came after years of struggle over the issues of slavery and states' rights. Often you’ll hear people defending the Confederate States’ rebellion (treason) during the American Civil War as an act of “States’ Rights” and not about defending the institution of slavery. Following Lincoln's election, the governor and legislature called for a convention to consider secession. We the people of the State of Georgia in Convention assembled do declare and ordain and it is hereby declared and ordained that the ordinance adopted by the State of Georgia in convention on the 2nd day of Jany. With a personal account, you can read up to 100 articles each month for free. Louisiana’s decision to join the Confederacy was fraught with internal political division. The reenactment was held in the Old State Capitol in same location as the original event. Within a few weeks Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas followed South Carolina and passed their own Ordinances of Secession. The final vote of 113-17 made Louisiana the sixth state to secede. An Ordinance of Secession was the name given to multiple resolutions drafted and ratified in 1860 and 1861, at the beginning of the Civil War, by which each seceding Southern state or territory formally declared secession from the United States of America. All Rights Reserved. Louisiana Secedes. Instead, this essay is concerned with the unique course, and the paradox, of secession by Louisiana. Louisiana History is a scholarly publication of the Louisiana Historical Association (LHA). It affords megreat pleasure to state to you, andthroughyou to lh Convention,thatowingto the kindlyaidof the late eommissiomr the State of Louisiana to the State of Texas, Col. George Williamsm. The overwhelming pro-secession vote at the convention undoubtedly overstates antebellum Louisianans’ commitment to secession. Seven members of the Cooperationist Party did sign the Ordinance. Pro-Unionist candidates won the majority. On this date, Miles Taylor of Louisiana submitted Louisiana’s ordinance of secession to the Clerk of the U.S. House of Representatives, making it the sixth of 11 southern states to leave the Union by the late Spring of 1861. These are offered in chronological order. Today marks the anniversary of the secession of Louisiana, the sixth state to leave the Union. titles published on the state's history. Check out using a credit card or bank account with. L ouisiana seceded from the United States on January 26, 1861, and, for a brief period of two months, was an independent republic. To determine how Virginia would handle the crisis the upcoming Civil War. On January 9th, 1861, Mississippi joined South Carolina. How many delegates attended the convention? The other reenactment held January 15, was the signing of the Louisiana Ordinance of Secession, which historically occurred January 26, 1861 at the Louisiana State Capitol. 152 4. both academics and non-academic members over the years and strives to maintain A quick and even lazy look at all the Southern States’ Ordinances of Secession and Declaration of Causes reveals that the war was indeed over slavery. Defenders of the Confederacy, as odd as that may even sound, disingenuously claim that even if this was … But the state's planters saw the increasing pressure from abolitionists as an economic threat… Louisiana's Ordinance of Secession January 26, 1861 AN ORDINANCE to dissolve the union between the State of Louisiana and other States united with her under the compact entitled "The Constitution of the United States of America." 312 JOURNAL OTI:/E SECESSION CONVENTION That on the 20th day of Feby, 1861, I left the city of G,lvesm and on the 22ndreached the city of NewOrleans, and entered diately upon the discharge of said duty. While Texas was the only state to put the issue up for vote amongst the entire voting population, most other states hovered around an 80% vote in favor of secession at their respective conventions. 54-55; Potter, Impending Crisis, p. 498. an even balance between the two groups. Its convention passed an Ordinance of Secession on April 17. Spring, at which members hear presentations of current historical research, Louisiana's political leaders hoped the Missouri Compromise and the Compromise of 1850would protect slavery and preserve the Union. of Contents. members' activities. Following Lincoln's election, the governor and legislature called for a convention to consider secession. The convention then moved to Charleston and drafted its infamous Declaration of Immediate Causes which induce and justify the secession of South Carolina. Louisiana in 1860-61 was perhaps the unlikeliest state of the … the purpose of collecting and disseminating historical information on Louisiana, Annual awards are given to members The Georgia Secession Convention of 1861 represents the pinnacle of the state's political sovereignty. and students for their contributions to the study of Louisiana History. Florida joined the secession ranks the next day on January 10th. Louisiana. Throughout the prewar period, Louisiana repeatedly rejected the initiative of radical southerners who demanded that the South leave the Union. What event changed the mood of the convention? A three-term Member who represented the southern and western parishes of greater New Orleans, Taylor supported secession, he said, “in obedience to the will of the people of my … The election was held on January 7, and the contest between the immediate secessionists and cooperationists was close. These O O O Pro-secessionist candidates won the majority. 5. People who believed in the doctrine of states' rights believed that the states could nullify federal laws. to be held on December 17. To access this article, please, Access everything in the JPASS collection, Download up to 10 article PDFs to save and keep, Download up to 120 article PDFs to save and keep. This item is part of a JSTOR Collection. LHA also publishes a number of books related to Louisiana History. In 1861 Moore was a delegate to the Louisiana secession convention. By the early spring of 1861, North Carolina and Tennessee had not held secession conventions, while voters in Virginia, Missouri, and Arkansas initially voted down secession. Three other states followed Virginia in little over a month: Arkansas on May 6, Tennessee on May 7, and North Carolina on May 20. Louisiana in 1860-61 was perhaps the unlikeliest state of the Deep South to attempt a break from the Union. Louisiana History: The Journal of the Louisiana Historical Association, Published By: Louisiana Historical Association, Read Online (Free) relies on page scans, which are not currently available to screen readers. © 1978 Louisiana Historical Association A large group of men discussing the Secession of Louisiana. South Carolina, Mississippi, Georgia, and Texas also issued separate documents explaining their reasons for secession. Louisiana looks to the formation of a Southern confederacy to preserve the blessings of African slavery, and of the free institutions of the founders of the Federal Union, be-queathed to their posterity. unique course, and the paradox, of secession by Louisiana. Less than two thousand votes apparently separated the two sides, with the bare majority tipping the secessionist scale. It is worth noting that only 13% of the actual population cast ballots and in an era of no secret ballot, intimidation was a major issue. Bibliography: Thomas, Confederate Nation, pp. On December 20, South Carolina’s secession convention officially seceded from the United States. A new referendum was held in June on outright secession (skipping the issue of a convention), and the voters who came the polls strongly supported secession. What was the general mood of the convention in February, March and April of 1861? For terms and use, please refer to our Terms and Conditions The Confederate Congress then chose Richmond as its new capital, and the government moved there in June. The Kentucky secession ordinance was adopted by a convention of 200 participants representing 65 counties, held in Russellville. share ideas and opinions about the history of the state, and browse the latest the LHA also publishes a quarterly newsletter to keep members informed of historical With periodic interruptions, the convention met in Milledgeville from January 16 to March 23, 1861, and not only voted to secede the state from the Union but also created Georgia's first new constitution since 1798. During the Convention, the 1819 Constitution of Ala. was revised with general changes and adopted Mar. He died in Franklin, Louisiana on June 17, 1867 and was The LHA has attracted A wealthy planter and slave holder, Moore acted aggressively to engineer the secession of Louisiana from the Union by a convention on January 23. 122 JOURNALOF THE SECESSION CONVENTION just or substantial reasons. Issues of the journal contain award-winning secondary articles, notes and documents of primary source material, book reviews, profiles of historical Some supporters of states' rights also believed that states had the right to leave the Union. The delegates were against secession. During the war, Union troops seized his plantation to use as their headquarters; they burned the sugar mill and released his slaves. Her convention had met in Tallahassee and had voted 62 to 7 for secession. On January 8, 1861, Louisiana Governor Thomas Overton Moore ordered the Louisiana militia to occupy the U.S. arsenal at Baton Rouge and the U.S. forts guarding New Orleans, Fort Jackson and Fort St. Philip. It then joined with its southern sisters to create the Confederate States of America. ©2000-2021 ITHAKA. Judge James G. Taliaferro of Catahoula Parish was the most outspoken opponent. 20. Read your article online and download the PDF from your email or your account. Explanation: but im confused on the answer let me read more? Select a purchase Louisiana kept this independent status until March 21, 1861, when it transferred its allegiance to the Confederate States of America. a goal which remains the primary mission of the association. Georgia (Select to view Georgia Declaration of Secession). In early January 1861, Mississippi held a convention in Jackson to consider secession. The 1st Louisiana Regulars were organized on 5 February 1861 in accordance with an ordinance passed at the state secession convention to establish the Louisiana State Army, a standing army under Bragg's command consisting of an infantry and an artillery regiment modeled on the United States Regular Army, subject to the same discipline as a regular unit. The Louisiana Historical Association (LHA) was founded on April 11, 1889 for Why was the convention held? 3. JSTOR is part of ITHAKA, a not-for-profit organization helping the academic community use digital technologies to preserve the scholarly record and to advance research and teaching in sustainable ways. The LHA hosts an annual state historical conference each option. In addition to Louisiana History, Purchase this issue for $12.00 USD. Find link is a tool written by Edward Betts.. searching for Louisiana secession 8 found (12 total) alternate case: louisiana secession John Moore (Louisiana) (191 words) exact match in snippet view article to Congress from Louisiana. Delegates voted 84 to 15 to secede from the Union. Later, in 1861, Mouton chaired the Louisiana Secession Convention and led the overwhelming vote to pass the Ordinance of Secession. Only five percent of the public were represented in the … On January 26, 1861, the Secession Convention voted 113 to 17 to adopt the Ordinance of Secession. Mississippi adopted their own resolution on January 9, 1861, Florida followed on January 10, Alabama January 11, Georgia on January 19, Louisiana on January 26, and Texas on February 1. Go to Table 1846-1850 Isaac Johnson - Democrat The election was held on January 7, and the contest between the immediate secessionists and cooperationists was close. events occurring around the state and to keep members abreast of their fellow Saturday January 26, 1861. Constitutional convention, 1864. JSTOR®, the JSTOR logo, JPASS®, Artstor®, Reveal Digital™ and ITHAKA® are registered trademarks of ITHAKA. But the elections nevertheless gave a two to one advantage for straight-out secessionists at the convention. Pro-abolitionist candidates won the majority. Judge James G. Taliaferro of Catahoula Parish was the most outspoken opponent. He warned the secession threatened the interests and destiny of Louisiana, He predicted war, ruin, and decline. Pro-cooperationist candidates won the majority. Less than two thousand votes apparently separated the two sides, with the bare majority tipping the secessionist scale. If the state convention passed a declaration of causes document, then the header for that ordinance provides a … Published quarterly, the journal began in 1960 and is consistently ranked as one of the top state-level historical journals in the country. In its place, this document lays out just as plainly the reasons that Louisiana followed the states of the Cotton South out of the Union.… With the momentum in the deep South distinctly towards separation, the convention voted on January 26 to leave the Union. Despite this temporary boost to the Union, it became abundantly clear that these acts of loyalty in the Upper South were highly conditional and relied on a clear lack of intervention on the part of the federal government. architecture, biographical sketches, and much more. Louisiana History: The Journal of the Louisiana Historical Association Request Permissions. On January 26, 1861, the Secession Convention voted 113 to 17 to adopt the Ordinance of Secession. 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